Research round ups

RHM reviews articles from peer-reviewed journals and publications on sexual and reproductive health and rights. New and important information from other sources is summarised, with a link to the original publication. See the different categories in the side menu.

December 2015

New global estimates show that an estimated 357 million new infections of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis occur every year. When calculated with previous estimates of herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, the data suggest that more than one million sexually transmitted infections are acquired every day. Read More

Sex worker research in Uganda – what is and is not researched

Despite the high level of published research on sex workers in Uganda, research has not focused on crucial socio-structural factors that affect sex workers’ commercial working environments. A systematic review of the epidemiological literature on sex workers in Uganda identified gaps such as the role of policing and criminalisation, as well as the prevalence and factors associated with violence. Read More

Integrating family planning into maternal and newborn health services for improved post-partum contraception

This quasi-experimental trial in rural Bangladesh demonstrated a positive effect of integrating family planning with a community-based maternal and newborn health programme in increasing postpartum contraceptive use and reducing short birth intervals (less than 24 months). One year after the trial began, contraceptive prevalence rate amongst women receiving integrated family planning services was 15% higher than in the control arm. Read More

Sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV

A World AIDS Day supplement to the Journal of the International AIDS Society discusses a range of perspectives and topics related to the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV. These perspectives include contributions from researchers, clinicians, programme managers, policy-makers, and women living with HIV. Read More

Adolescent health – boys matter too

Whilst it is good news that adolescents are increasingly recognised in global health initiatives, adolescent boys are an important and neglected part of the equation. The focus on girls comes from recognition that girls are often disadvantaged, early marriage and childbearing have serious negative consequences on health and educational attainment and adolescent girls’ health also Read More

Addressing sexual and reproductive health needs in the climate change agenda

The interlinkage between climate change and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is an increasingly visible and urgent issue that must be addressed in sustainable development and climate change policy. This statement highlights these linkages. Whilst climate change will affect every person from every region of the world, the Asia-Pacific region faces disproportionate vulnerability because of its location, high population, high rates of poverty, and dependence on agriculture and fisheries for sustenance. Read More

HIV PreP treatment in transgender women

The iPrEx pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) trial is a randomised control trial to measure PrEP efficacy, effectiveness, and adherence. Analysis of data on transgender women highlights challenges in adherence. Read More