HIV

December 2015

Sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV

A World AIDS Day supplement to the Journal of the International AIDS Society discusses a range of perspectives and topics related to the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV. These perspectives include contributions from researchers, clinicians, programme managers, policy-makers, and women living with HIV. Read More

HIV PreP treatment in transgender women

The iPrEx pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) trial is a randomised control trial to measure PrEP efficacy, effectiveness, and adherence. Analysis of data on transgender women highlights challenges in adherence. Read More

October 2015

Disability and HIV: systematic review

A systematic review and a meta-analysis of the risk of HIV infection among people with disabilities living in Sub-Saharan Africa drew on all published or unpublished studies and national surveys reporting HIV prevalence among adults with disabilities living in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2013. Of the 13 studies analysed, HIV prevalence varied widely across studies from 1.1% to 29%. Read More

This study examined local Zambian understandings of human rights approaches to HIV prevention among women, youth and men who have sex with men (MSM). Data were analysed from three focus group discussions with 23 respondents who were beneficiaries of projects related to human rights and HIV (eight young men and women, eight women and seven MSM), and interviews with 10 staff members of NGOs that serve women, youth, or MSM. Topics included participants’ experiences and views of the utility of rights-based activities. Read More

September 2015

Barriers and facilitators to condom negotiation for sex workers, Asia

This review synthesises studies that depict the barriers and facilitators encountered by sex workers in Asia when negotiating consistent condom use. Individual-level factors related to sex workers’ perceptions of clients’ class difference and nationality difference and their perceived familiarity with clients presented as both barriers and facilitators. Read More

August 2015

Turbulent history of the condom

This article provides an update on the literature concerning the history of condoms, in order to challenge the many errors found in the literature. The article draws on primary sources to update the information relating to the origin of the term ‘condom’ and its use. Read More

Low rates of HIV treatment amongst women post-delivery, South Africa

New research shows that only half of HIV-positive mothers in townships near Cape Town, South Africa, who received antenatal care and PMTCT services are receiving antiretroviral therapy three years after giving birth. The study involved 324 women living with HIV, recruited into the study between May 2009 and September 2010. Almost all received PMTCT care, but only a third were consistently linked to HIV care in the 36 months after giving birth, and only 53% were taking ART three years after the birth of their child. Read More

July 2015

Misunderstandings about HIV transmission in medical male circumcision public health campaigns, Malawi

This qualitative study examines whether individuals who learn that male circumcision reduces female-to-male HIV transmission also incorrectly assume that there is also a reduction in direct male-to-female transmission risk (i.e. from an HIV-positive man to an HIV-negative woman). Nearly one quarter (72%) of Malawian men and 82% of women who believed that male circumcision reduces HIV risk for men also believed that it reduces HIV risk for women. Read More