Violence & Sexual Violence

September 2015

Data collection tools for maternal and child health in humanitarian emergencies

This systemic review identifies tools for collection of data concerning the health of women and children in humanitarian emergencies. The revivew idetifies which tools are available and where they have been used. A total of 17 different tools were identified from 19 studies that specified what tool was used; 100 studies overall described data collection. Of the 17 toolkits identified, 14 could be used to collect data on sexual and reproductive health. Read More

June 2015

Macro-economic and individual factors affecting partner violence

This study examined associations between macro-level measures of socioeconomic development, women’s status, gender inequality and gender-related norms and the prevalence of current partner violence at a population level. Data were complied from 66 surveys (88 survey years) from 44 countries, representing 481,205 women between January 2000 and April 2013. Multilevel modelling and tests for interaction were used to explore whether and how macro-level factors affect individual-level risk. The outcome for this analysis was the population prevalence of current partner violence. Read More

Intimate partner violence and men who have sex with men and with both men and women, China

This studyhighlights the hidden epidemic of intimate partner violence among men who have sex with men in China, especially men who have sex with both men and women. Researchers recruited 610 men who have sex with men older than 16 years through three MSM-focused web sites in China. An online survey containing items on sociodemographics, risk behaviours, intimate partner violence and self-reported HIV or sexually transmitted infection diagnosis was completed. Data were analysed to examine associations between intimate partner violence and risk behaviours and an HIV or sexually transmitted infection diagnosis. Read More

May 2015

Intimate partner violence, contraceptive intention and contraceptive use, South Asia

This study assessed associations of intimate partner violence with pregnancy intendedness and pre-pregnancy contraceptive use among 4,753 pregnant women in South Asia. The study assessed associations of any experience of intimate partner violence (sexual only, physical only, sexual plus physical or none) with the outcomes of pregnancy intendedness (wanted, mistimed or unwanted) and pre-pregnancy contraceptive use (no, traditional or modern) for the current pregnancy. Read More

Gaps between policy and implementation for addressing sexual violence, India

This commentary reviews progress since the Verma Report, released in January 2013, a month after the savage rape and subsequent death of a Delhi student. The authors focus on the need for post-rape care and note that the government must mandate the deployment of forensic nurses and examiners, invest in forensic and rape-crisis facilities and sensitise professionals to facilitate evidence collection and post-rape counselling. Read More

Impact of intimate partner violence on contraceptive use

This systematic review estimated the causal effect of intimate partner violence on contraceptive use. Analysis of the 12 eligible articles showed that, overall, IPV had an impact on women’s use of contraception. Intimate partner violence was associated with a decrease in women’s use of partner-dependent methods. Read More

April 2015

Lancet series on violence against women and girls

Interventions to prevent violence against women and girls cross a broad range of intervention models and many forms of violence, including intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual assault, female genital mutilation and child marriage. Read More

March 2015

Risk of intimate partner violence in microbicide trials, South Africa

This paper documents women’s narratives of participating in the Microbicide Development Program trial in Johannesburg, South Africa, and their experiences of partner violence and conflict. In a sub-study, more than a third of the women reported intimate partner violence, of which half the cases were related to involvement in the trial. Read More